The best ways to get rid of Bedbugs quickly will make you handle the bedbug issue efficiently at home. A Bedbug is a small, blood-sucking parasite that feeds on the blood of humans and warm-blooded animals. A bedbug starts its life as a white shell about one millimeter long. It takes ten days to hatch, and in the next six weeks, it will grow into an adult. An adult Bedbug can grow to a size of eight millimeters.
Adult bugs grow about 3/16-inch and reddish-brown in color with oval, fleshy bodies. Their size is similar to a lentil or an apple seed. The bedbugs are mistaken for cockroaches, ticks, carpet beetles, or other insects present in the house. Bedbugs can’t fly but they can jump like fleas and crawl very fast on the floors, ceilings, and other places.
In isolated areas, adult females lay their eggs, storing one, two, or more per day, possibly hundreds of them during their lifetime. The eggs, particularly on light-colored materials, are very small in size, whitish and difficult to notice without magnification. Eggs are sticky when first laid, causing the eggs to live up to surfaces.
In around a week, bed bug eggs hatch at room temperature. The newly developing nymphs are straw-colored. As the nymphs grow and remove their skin five times before they reach maturity. Adult females will need to feed regularly to lay eggs.
The bugs will mature in a month and create numerous generations per year under favorable conditions (70-80 ° F) and also enough supply of blood. Cooler temperatures will affect their growth. The average lifetime of a bed bug is about 10 months, despite sufficient resources.
They prefer to be active at night, so always hiding in dark, soft places so cracks. As the name suggests, the mattress becomes a perfect place for them to hide. You cannot easily find because they’re so small (about the size of a grain of rice). But they will be roaming around your home and feeding on you and your family. The bites of Bedbugs are harmless but they are itchy and uncomfortable.
- They are part of the family of insects Cimicidae.
- There are various types of bedside bugs available
Any time you come into contact with something that carries Bedbugs, you get attacked and become the new hosts. Bedbugs can hide in your wardrobes, baseboards, and inside the beds. The more untidy your house is, the Bedbugs have more places to hide.
The Bedbugs are normally found in the bedroom — hotels, guesthouses, and private homes. Such insects will hide in small holes in and around the bed, with their flat bodies. They wait for you to fall asleep. Then, to suck your blood, they come out of their hideouts and poke their nose into your skin. They are most active approximately one hour before daybreak.
Their bite creates itchy red spots, and identical to bites of mosquitoes. A Bedbug may be reddish-brown to brown in color. The more that they suck blood, the darker they become. Young Bedbugs can be transparent or light brown in color. A Bedbug bite is usually a red patch around the sting site, with a slight central bulge. After feeding, Bedbugs will become red in color and are also attracted to heat.
What Attracts Bedbugs?
Unlike common opinion, unclean areas are not a cause of Bedbugs. They require warm blood, and they spread wherever they have it. If the place is clean or dirty, it doesn’t matter. They spread very fast and can stay hidden. You can catch Bedbugs from public places such as the theater or hotel rooms. Typically Bedbugs travel through clothing, luggage, coats, or whatever they can find.
You know that Bedbugs will be a huge concern in your life when the scratching begins and you look at the bites. Throughout your sheets, blankets, and furniture you can see rusty-colored blood stains where the Bedbugs focus on. When there are large numbers of the insects, you can smell a stinky smell.
It’s difficult to tell if a Bedbug has bitten you since they inject an anesthetic and coagulant that prevents a person from recognizing that they’re bitten. Insomnia, anxiety, and skin problems are common symptoms of Bedbug bites.
How to Treat Bedbug Bites
• Antibacterial soap
• Anti-itch cream
• Hand towel
Wash the affected area with lukewarm water and soap. Hands wash it carefully but gently. Rinse the region with warm water until all the soap is completely removed.
Pat the place dry with a clean towel. Do not rub or scratch your skin, or scrub it. Apply the anti-itch cream to the affected area, as per the instructions mentioned on the cream.
How to Avoid Bedbugs While Traveling
Read the reviews online before booking hotels. Most travelers will not post fake comments about Bedbugs attack because they don’t have time for that. So, you can consider the reviews about the hotel you want to stay.
Do the following measure, when you’re at the hotel:
Look for the signs of Bedbugs. The easiest way to do so is to carefully search for any dark stains on the mattresses and bedsheets at the hotel room that you are going to stay.
If you come across small light color ivory dots on the bed, the furniture, or on the carpet, then the bed bugs are present there. Even you can see them crawling around your room. They are very small in size in size. But once they feed on blood, they will be huge in size, redder, and also become visible.
Steps Involved in Removing Bedbugs
Step 1: Identify the areas where the Bedbugs exist. Search places such as,
• Cracks in the bed
• Cushions and couches
• Electrical outlets
• Under wallpaper, paintings, and posters on the walls
Step 2: Keep the bedbugs contained
Keep them enclosed so that you can easily get rid of them.
This contains your
• Electronics such as television
Seal all your linens and affected clothes in plastic bags before you can wash them.
Step 3: Prepare for bedbug treatment
To be successful in clearing the bed dugs, do little preparation before you begin to treat the bugs. Ensure carpets, drapes, linens, clothes, and other hiding places are cleaned or chucked out. Collect books, magazines, clothes, and anything that you find on the floor or under your bed. Remove whatever you could. Don’t shift anything from an infested room to a clean one because you might spread the bugs unintentionally.
Seal up the cracks in your furniture or around the baseboards, open electrical outlets, and also open areas. Use adhesive to glue the loose wallpapers. Move your bed six inches away from the wall so that Bedbugs will not be able to climb on.
Step 4: Kill the bedbugs
Home cleaning methods
Kill the bugs using high temperatures and you don’t have to use chemicals in this method. Clean the clothes and the bedding in hot water for almost thirty minutes. Then keep them in a dryer on the maximum heat setting for thirty minutes. Make use of a steamer on your couches, mattresses, and other Bedbugs hiding places. Seal the infested things up in a black bag and keep them out on a hot day. Once you have removed all visible Bedbugs, make the place unreceptive for bugs and other insects. Cover your mattresses with Bedbug-proof covers and box spring. Zip up the covers so the bugs will get trapped inside and die and also new Bedbugs can’t enter. If these methods are not successful, then you need to try an insecticide.
Chemical and non – chemical methods
Insecticides will help with bedbug treatment. Search for EPA – registered products and labeled particularly for bedbugs.
• Pyrethrins and pyrethroids are the most common insecticides that are used to get rid of bedbugs.
• Pyrroles such as chlorfenapyr can kill the bugs.
• Neonicotinoids will damage the nervous system of the bugs and eventually kill them.
• Dessicants destroy the outer layer of the bedbugs and they die.
• Foggers or bug bombs will also kill bedbugs. But they are toxic in nature and should be handled carefully.
• EcoRaider and Bedbug Patrol are less toxic and also work against the bugs effectively.
• DDT is known as a synthetic pesticide. It is very useful against bedbugs and other insects.
Step 5: Keep monitoring
Even if you wipe out all the bedbugs completely, there are chances again for their outbreak now and then. So, you need to check the infested areas and under your bed once in seven days and also search for their signs. Bedbug monitors are available in the market. You can get one and keep them under your bed so that you can easily keep an eye on the infestation.
Home Remedies to Get rid of Bedbugs
Suck those bugs with a good vacuum cleaner and a powerful hose attached to it. Certainly, you need to vacuum at least every few days while fighting a bug outbreak. Use the vacuum on sofas, cushions, chairs, mattresses, beds, and other furniture.
Start on high surfaces and make your way down slowly, pay careful attention to the carpet, floors, and any gaps in the walls or floorboards. Check electrical equipment like fans, and even your laptop for signs of bugs. When the vacuuming is finished, keep the vacuum bag outside, as far as possible from your house.
Steam cleaning is another alternative for the places where the vacuum cannot reach. The heat kills the bedbugs and its eggs, and when the temperature goes above 140 degrees Fahrenheit, they will die. Follow the instructions of the steam cleaner closely so as not to damage your furniture.
Read the instructions to ensure the fabrics can endure hot water and tumble drying. Then wash away everything that has been exposed to those bugs. The combination of hot water and heat from a dryer will help in killing them.
Also, the small packets that consist of silica gel you find in food products and shoeboxes to keep the contents dry can help you kill the insects. Grind and spread out the powder around the source areas. You should avoid this method if you have kids or pets because inhalation of silica is dangerous. Instead, go for baking soda, which also has the same effect on the bugs. You can also make use of alcohol to kill the Bedbugs at your home.
The scent from the dryer sheets will repel the insects and even allow them to search for other places to stay in. This solution can probably be used as a temporary one since the bugs would find only a friendlier place to stay in your house.
If you’re in a rush to sleep and you don’t have time to wait for the impact of these other remedies, then blow your hairdryer over the affected regions. The heat kills the bugs and helps you to go to sleep.
Pass a rough brush over the edges of the mattress since it will remove the sticking Bedbugs and eggs which withstand the suction of a vacuum cleaner.
Place the double-sided tape on the floor around the length of the bedsheets. When the bugs try to move up to your bed, they will get trapped. Keep the pulling blankets away since they will prevent your efforts from killing the bugs.
You should be aware that baking soda will be very effective in killing the bugs. Make a fine paste and scatter the places where you find bugs including holes and cracks. Ensure that the places are cleaned after the application and you can reapply it.
This will act against all sorts of bugs as well as fleas. The sedimentary rock is crushed into a fine powder. Spread the powder all over the floor and into cracks and holes in the house. It takes up to ten days to kill all the insects. But the powder is not recommended to use for your mattress, the small particles might get into your lungs and cause damage.
Herbal Remedies for Bedbugs
Tea Tree Oil
The effective fresh-smelling oil has antimicrobial properties, so as to do double duty as a cleaning agent in your house. It destroys the bacteria and fungi, and on touch, it neutralizes viruses.
This acts on these insects as the oil makes its way into their body by choking them. And when used undiluted, it is most effective. Unfortunately for humans, an undiluted version is not secure.
A Bedbug will feel sick when it smells the pleasant fragrance lavender and even they die. Wash the clothes and blankets with lavender soap, spray the diluted lavender oil, and spread its leaves all over the affected regions.
These leaves also have similar effects as lavender oil has. Make use of the same methods and techniques but you should replace the dry leaves with the fresh ones now and then till the outbreak has come to an end.
Black Walnut Tea
It acts as a natural repellent. If you want to apply this method, just take used tea bags and keep them in places where you come across Bedbugs often. Keep the tea bags all-around your home.
The plant can be found in damp lands. It is a very effective insect repellent. You can get it in shops and available in packets. Al you need to is to mix up into a solution and spray even the nook and cranny of your home.
Use the bean leaves to trap the insects as they function as natural flypaper. Researchers found out that the leaves have microscopic hairs that trap and kill any insect. So, keep the leaves in your home to get rid of the unwanted Bedbugs.
The leaves have a similar result like other herbal plants. Crush the leaves and spread them around your home or else you can boil the leaves and spray the solution in your wardrobe to avoid the outbreak of the bugs in your clothes. Also, spray it around your house.
Burn thyme leaves to keep the Bedbugs away from you. Repeat the process until the beg bugs have completely gone.
Use mint leaves as a preventive measure. Keep the crushed left around their access points. They prevent the Bedbugs from entering your home. The leaves are harmless so you can keep them in your wardrobe and on your mattress.
Being a parasitic fungus, it always feeds on other insects. The insect-killing plant attacks the Bedbugs and makes the bugs immobile, and unproductive.
Other natural and herbal remedies repel the Bedbugs. But lemongrass in fact kills the bugs. The acid present in the leaves destroy them as well as their eggs. It can be a repellent as well since the Bedbugs can’t bear with the smell of the leaves,
Like lemongrass, cloves also work in the same way. If you are not comfortable with the smell of the lemongrass, then you can go for cloves or its oil. Put clove oil on your pillows and mattress to chase the bugs away.
The solution is extracted from chrysanthemums. The chrysanthemum is a bright flower and available in different colors. The flower act as a natural killer by attacking the nervous system of the beg bugs.
Mix cayenne pepper with ginger and oregano to kill the Bedbugs. Have one teaspoon of cayenne pepper, ground ginger, and oregano oil. Blend all these three together with water. Transfer the mixture to a spray bottle and spray the solution around your house.
If you have a pet dog or cat, and when their scratching goes unnoticed then probably the pets might keep intact with bedbugs. The bugs might reach the pets when you treat your mattress or linen. So, you need to keep them away from your house but keep them in a safe place. If you are not able to destroy the bugs on your own, then seek help from the professionals. They will examine the infestation and treat the problem. Bugs don’t occupy the entire house. Mostly, a bedbug outbreak could be found in the bedroom.
1. What is the main cause of Bedbugs?
Travel is generally believed as the most widespread cause of the outbreak of Bedbugs. Often unknown to the traveler, Bedbugs will get a ride on people, clothes, luggage, or other personal belongings and unintentionally will be taken to other properties.
2. Can you get rid of Bedbugs yourself?
If you can’t clean out the bedbugs, then it’s time to get the professionals engaged. They have insecticides that both kill bugs on contact, and that remain inside the furniture and cracks in the house. Pest control companies may also use heat treatments in entire spaces. Peppermint, thyme oil, clove oil, cinnamon oil, lemongrass oil, eucalyptus oil, tea tree oil, and lavender will repel Bedbugs.
3. What attracts Bedbugs to bite you?
While they can feed on livestock, Bedbugs are typically found feeding on human blood. As Bedbugs feed on warm-blooded animals, they are drawn to you only naturally. Specifically, the body heat, the carbon dioxide that you breathe out and other biological features attract them in.
4. Do Bedbugs come out every night?
Bedbugs are usually considered to be night-time creatures and prefer to look for a host and suck the blood during the night. If they are hungry, then they will come out during day time also feed on the blood of human beings.
5. How do you stop Bedbugs from spreading?
When you put on your scarf, socks, coat, or gloves, give them a nice shake to release any Bedbugs that might be inside them. Keep your clothes inside a plastic bag and seal the bag tightly.