The best ways to control pests and diseases – Pest and disease control is a huge challenge for a gardener and the most challenging thing is often to find the cause of the damage.
You have various ways to manage pests and diseases. Biological and chemical are the two most important and common mehtods. But there are differences between these two .
Gardeners face great issues and they try to save their crops. While a huge amount of garden pests and diseases seek to destroy them!
What are natural pests and disease control?
The human environmental system includes pests and diseases. There is a harmony between the preys and pests. This is the manner of regulating populations by nature.
The pests and the disease-causing organisms tend to destroy crops and affect growth.
If the natural structure of the ecosystem becomes imbalanced, one population may become dominant since it is not being preyed upon.
Natural control maintains a balance between plant and predator and holding pests and diseases to an acceptable level.
The goal is not only to destroy them, but they also have a role to play in the natural system.
Once a pest or a disease starts destroying a crop, the damage would be huge and monitoring will become very difficult. Next, use proper techniques to avoid or prevent attacks by pests and diseases where appropriate.
They control diseases, pests, or weed . Chemical regulation depends on the chemicals to the species concerned.
Organic chemicals protect plants from pests or disease, viruses or overgrowth. It is essential, of course, the plant needing protection does not suffer from the toxic effects of protecting goods.
Five major categories of Pesticides are divided, based on the specific reason for which thier usage. The first category is the fungicides that work on fungi. Instead, herbicides are against weeds.
The leaves or the roots of the plant take on herbicides, causing it to die. Insecticides that kill dangerous insects and then there are acaricides that shield the plants from the mites. There are eventually nematicides for handling nematodes that occupy the plants.
The use of chemical pesticides is common because of their relatively low cost, their potency, effectiveness, and stability as well. Chemical pesticides generally act fast, which limits crop damage.
Two groups of Chemical pesticides are: non-selective pesticides and selective ones. There are some major drawbacks of chemical pesticides but they are still widely in use.
Chemical pesticides are often not only harmful to the plants but also to other species as well. The most dangerous is the non-selective materials. They destroy all kinds of animals, including harmless and beneficial creatures.
Selective pesticides have a limited range. They only get rid of the target pest, disease, or weed, and don’t affect other organisms. An example of this is a weed killer that acts only on leaf weeds. For example, this will be helpful in lawns, as it doesn’t damage plants.
Resistance is one more drawback to chemical pesticides. Pesticides are often beneficial to a particular organism only for a short period of time. A third disadvantage is piling up. An organism consumes sprayed plants and that organism lives on another. The contaminants affect the food chain.
They can become resistant so they have no effect anymore. Such organisms mutate and become immune which means you need to use other pesticides to handle them.
Animals at the top of the food chain, usually have a higher chance of exposure as chemicals build up in their bodies. Nonetheless, increasingly this impact is becoming less important, as pesticides are now expected to break down quickly so that they cannot accumulate. If they don’t, then they’re not eligible for sale.
Why is natural control preferable to chemical control?
Pesticides do not solve the problem of pest. Insecticide use has increased a lot in the last 50 years, although crop losses due to pest destruction have decreased. Here are three important reasons why the use of pesticides is better for natural regulation.
Price using natural pest control and disease control is often easier than using chemical pesticides because natural methods do not require the direct procurement of expensive materials. The most common use is of goods and services that are already in the home and around the farm.
Here is a great deal of fear about human safety over the risks of chemical products. People might misuse because the instructions are not available in the language the person who uses . Several accounts are there why people suffering from severe skin rashes and hallucinations from the use of chemical pesticides. Approximate one million cases of pesticide poisoning occur around the world each year and about 20,000 ends in death.
Most of the deaths occur in developing countries where industrial pesticides are still available but are not in us ein Europe or the USA. Man- made regulate environmental safety pests. For example, industrial chemicals kill beneficial insects eating pests.
Artificial chemicals will linger in the atmosphere and in animal bodies causing several years of trouble. Artificial materials are very basic chemicals and insect pests can easily become resistant to them over a few breeding cycles and these materials don’t have any effect anymore.
General guidelines to assist reduce the risk of attack
- Stop using too much high nitrogen fertilizer as this encourages loads of soft leafy growth that is particularly to garden pests.
- Put up physical barriers-covering crops or planting fruit in a fruit cage also stops pests from getting to your crops.
- Learn about the enemy, a lot of pests and diseases are unique to particular crops.
- Figure out what kind of pests attack your crops and what kind of harm it will do. Identifying a question when it happens is much simpler if you know what you are looking for.
- Keep your eyes open, and take action for the first signs of attack. Don’t let that thing get out of control.
- Exercise proper hygiene in the garden.
- Proper and well maintained yard, and equipments will keep away many diseases.
- Boost the farming practices.
- Bad watering regimes, lack of nutrients, insufficient light and poor soil conditions may spoil the plants. Those become weaker to pest and disease.
- Support the natural predators to grow in your garden.
- Ladybirds and lacewings would willingly squash aphids, and avoid their spreading in your garden.
1.What are pests and diseases?
A pest is any species that is dangerous to human or fruit, livestock, and forestry. Like in the household, the term is also used for species that create a disturbance.
2.What are the three methods of pest control?
Many types of pest control are there, and they are six categories: biological, hygienic, physical, chemical, heat treatment and fumigation.
3.How do you get rid of garden pests and diseases?
Spray diluted soap on plants to discourage a variety of pests. Use a castile soap or a natural soap not containing detergent or additives .
Soak 5 tablespoons of soap in water and then spray, if the spray causes damage to the leaf then dilute it.
4.What are the methods of insect control?
Cultural control, host resistance physical control, mechanical control, biological control, and chemical control are the major methods of insect control.
5.How can we control plant disease?
There are a number of chemicals available to control plant diseases. They stop the growth and destroy the pests that cause disease as well.
Chemicals used to regulate bacteria, fungi, and nematodes may be added to seeds, leaves, fruits, or soil.