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Types of pesticides

Types of Pesticides you can avail to the plants are intended to be harmful to the pests they target whether it’s insects, plants, or weeds or other unwanted home and garden pests. When properly used, pesticides will save your plants or home from damage. Nevertheless, if the label directions are not properly followed, plant damage may happen, pests may not be managed, your health may be affected, and pesticides may contribute to soil, air, or water contamination also.

How do you decide on a type of pesticide?

Once you buy and use a specific type of pesticide, know everything about the product, how to use it, and how to safely dispose of the empty containers. Also, carefully consider whether or not a pesticide is advisable and if a nonchemical solution might be just as efficient.  Ensure that the organism you seek to control is really doing damage, and also study alternative management methods. Keep in mind that most pests cannot be entirely removed even with pesticides.

Types of Pesticides:

Safe and Effective Use in Indoors and Outdoors

Are pests really causing a problem?

More frequently than most people believe, types of pesticides and the products are mistakenly added because the cause of damage was incorrectly identified. Other factors such as improper irrigation, insufficient drainage, herbicide toxicity, or physical harm may also cause damage.

How many pests are there and How do You Justify the type of pesticides sprays?

A few caterpillars on a plant may not be a problem requiring pesticide action on your part, particularly if there are natural caterpillar enemies. But, a very high population that causes significant leaf loss or damage to edible fruits or nuts might mean you want pest control. Be sure to base decisions on pest presence not harm levels and your understanding of the life cycle of the pest. For example, sometimes when a tree is stripped of leaves, pests are gone and sprays are useless. For foliar diseases, many fungicides must be used preventively before signs become evident.

The conditions which have caused the pest to become a problem

Prevention is the only way to treat a pest issue. Will weather or other environmental factors change conditions? Is the issue related to changing gardening practices? Each pest organism has maximum environmental conditions to cause harm. For example, in many plants, powdery mildew is favored by shade and conditions favoring off-season growth. Sometimes providing plants with a warm place, opening roofs to provide air flow, and avoiding excessive fertilization also can keep the disease from becoming worse. Overhead spraying can also reduce certain plants ‘powdery mildew problems.

There are also many ways to manage pests other than the types of pesticides including:

  • Mechanical control– spraying leaves with water to remove insects, or using traps or creating barrier to keep out of pests.
  • Biological control– using beneficial organisms such as insects that eat other insects.
  • Replant– If a plant requires regular pesticide treatment, consider replanting with a more pest-resistant species or variety.
  • Cultural control– using the right trimming, fertilizing or watering system, or selecting pest-resistant varieties.
  • Physical control(for example, using mulches to keep weeds from growing, or solarization for soil – borne pathogens or weed seeds)
S.No Types of PesticidePurpose
1AntimicrobialsTo kill microorganisms such as bacteria and viruses.
2AttractantsTo attract pests to a trap or bait, for example, attract an insect or rodent into a trap. However, food is not considered a pesticide.
3Bio pesticidesDerived from natural materials such as animals, plants, bacteria, and certain minerals.
4AlgicidesTo kill algae in lakes, canals, swimming pools, water tanks, and other sites.
5BiocidesTo kill microorganisms.
6DefoliantsTo cause leaves or foliage to drop from a plant, usually to facilitate harvest.
7DesiccantsTo promote drying of living tissues, such as unwanted plant tops.
8ProtectantsSubstances that plants produce from genetic material that has been added to the plant.
9RepellentsTo repel pests, including insects and birds.
10RodenticidesTo control mice and other rodents.
11PheromonesTo disturb the mating behavior of insects.
12Plant growth regulatorsTo alter the expected growth, flowering, or reproduction rate of plants.
13Microbial pesticidesMicroorganisms that kill, pests, including insects or other pests.
14MolluscicidesTo kill snails and slugs.
15NematicidesTo kill nematodes (microscopic, worm-like organisms that feed on plant roots).
16OvicidesTo kill eggs of insects and mites.
17FumigantsTo produce gas or vapor intended to destroy pests, for example in buildings or soil.
18HerbicidesTo kill weeds and other plants that grow where they are not wanted.
19Insect growth regulatorsTo disrupt the maturing from the pupal stage to adult or other life processes of insects.
20InsecticidesTo kill insects.
21Disinfectants and sanitizersTo kill or inactivate disease-producing microorganisms.
22Fungicides killFungi including blights, mildews, molds, and rusts.

Choosing the Right Type of Pesticide

The first step in selecting a pesticide is to correctly classify the problem-causing organism, for instance, common bug, weed, or plant disease). When the insect is misidentified, you cannot select an appropriate pesticide or other control methods.

If a pesticide is required, pick one that is effective against your pest and also presents the least health and environmental risks. When shopping for a pesticide, it is also necessary to check the label to ensure that the target pest is identified. Use a label as your primary source, however, to pick the best control product. Besides effectively managed pests, pesticide labels often image or list pests against which the drug is only moderately effective.

Scanning the Label of an of a Pesticide

Also, scan the label before buying a pesticide to make sure to use it on your plants or treatment location. For example:

  • Make sure that the plant or area you want to treat is specified on the label.
  • Do not use pesticides labeled for ornamental plants.
  • Do not use pesticides mentioned for “outdoor use” indoors.
  • Pesticides can seriously harm certain plants; read the label to ensure treated plants are not harmed.

Finally, when selecting pesticides, note that even more dangerous pesticides only control those stages of the insect. Many insecticides kill only the larval stage, e.g. caterpillars, not pupae or eggs. Some insecticides only target adults.

Read the Following on the Label of the Pesticide

Trade name or brand name, Active ingredients and their weight percentage, Types of plants or places where pesticides can be used, Targeted pesticides, How much to use, How and when to apply, Appropriate protective clothing and equipment, Signal word identifying short-term toxicity to humans (Danger, Alarm or Caution), Precautionary statements describing hazards to humans, and domestic animals.

What are the Negative Effects of Pesticides?

Pick the Least Toxic Pesticides

Use the least-toxic pesticide to solve your problem. Typically, UC IPM Pest Notes recommend least-toxic alternatives. Those include insecticidal petroleum or plant-based oils, soaps, and microbial insecticide.

Pesticides are used for destroying or managing target insects. “Specific” pesticides destroy certain closely related species. Others are broader range, killing pests, but also non-target species. Most pesticides have no negative environmental effects. For example, some low-toxic insecticides may be highly toxic to beneficial insects such as parasitic wasps or other desirable organisms such as honey bees or earthworms.

Look for Symbols on the Label of a Pesticide 

Danger, alarm, or caution on a pesticide label suggests the immediate toxicity of single chemical exposure to humans. Over the years, these terms have become the consumer’s primary guide to relative product health. Signal terms, however, do not reflect the risk for medical issues such as cancer, fertility disorders or other long-term health consequences.

 Application Equipment for using a Pesticide

You’ll need protective clothing to cover yourself even while using the safest pesticides. Minimally, latex gloves, eye protection, long-sleeved shirt, long trousers, and also closed shoes should be provided. Consider using cotton gloves or lightweight dust masks that absorb the spray and cause excessive skin contact.

Ready – to – Use Equipment

Recommended equipment varies with your application location, pesticide preference, and ability to work with more difficult instruments. In many home and garden pesticide applications, purchasing a ready-to-use product in a sprayer style pump is the best option. Ready-to-use goods remove the need to combine chemicals or purchase special equipment and are ideal for spot applications on small plants and bushes.

Measure and Dilute the Pesticides

Competently measuring concentrated pesticide solutions is important for efficient and also safe use. The usage rate for most insecticides and fungicides is given on the label in ounces per gallon of water.  You must follow these procedures properly, dilute, and apply materials as needed.

Keep in mind, if the label specifies a dilution rate, you should follow the label directions correctly. When mixing your pesticide, check your sprayer with water to ensure that you cover the specified area with the required diluted spray.

Follow the Guidelines While Picking the Types of Pesticides

Never use more than what the guidelines suggest. The insect can not be managed faster and you will waste the pesticide, your time, and resources while causing plant damage and contaminating the atmosphere with unnecessary chemicals also. Mix as much as you need right away; Most importantly, don’t store any remaining pesticide solutions. They may or may be subject to changes in quality at high or very low temperatures.

Minimizing Environmental Contamination When You Choose the Type of a Pesticide

Using target treatments where the pest is most common; avoid widespread pesticide applications in your garden or home. Mix pesticide according to label directions for spot treatments and add the mixture only to the affected area. Other ways to minimize environmental exposure are trap stations for ants, wick or shielded applicators for certain herbicides, and also tree trunk treatments for some insects.

Follow these instructions Before Going for the Types of Pesticides:

  • Be careful of weather and do not apply pesticides before rainfall or windy conditions.
  • Avoid applying pesticides to rough surfaces, such as sidewalks or driveways, where they are quickly washable.
  • Check pesticide labels for usage notices near water sources such as streams, rivers, and lakes.
  • Under no circumstances should pest control equipment be cleaned where rinse water can flow into gutters, storm drains, or open waterways.
  • Never add more than the pesticide mark.
  • Be careful that some pesticides are easier to bring on the surface and therefore have greater potential to travel during rain or storms.
  • Never use pesticides in sinks or toilets.

Indoor Versus Outdoor Pesticides

Use only indoor pesticides clearly labeled for use inside the home. Most natural pesticides are there to break down into less ventilated compounds at daylight and rain. However, without these conditions, pesticides can persist and cause human or animal toxicity.

Disposing of Leftover Pesticides

Try buying as much pesticide as you need in the near future. This removes the need to store unused items. If you can’t use your pesticides in a timely manner, you can also share them with a relative or neighbor who can use them, just keep them in their original containers.

Related Questions

  1. What types of plants are protected by the insecticide?

Types of Pesticides can be divided according to the types of pests they kill:

  • Rodenticides – rodents (rats and mice)
  • Bactericides – bacteria.
  • Fungicides – fungi.
  • Larvicides – larvae.
  • Insecticides – insects.
  • Herbicides – plants.
  1. What are the types of pesticides used for farming?

Most farmers use pesticides to stop weeds and pests from killing their crops and also bring more nutrients to the soil. There are three different pesticides; herbicides, insecticides, fungicides. Three of these pesticides are used to kill various types of pests on a plant also.

  1. What is the most harmful pesticide?

The structure makes dichloropropene, one of the simplest of chemicals called organochlorines, including some of the most toxic pesticides available. Banned as dangerous by the European Union, 1, 3-dichloropropene is one of the most widely used pesticides in the United States.

  1. Are pesticides used on rice?

Popular pesticides used in rice production are: Lambda-cyhalothrin, malathion, and zeta-cypermethrin are all pesticides used on rice. Copper sulfate pentahydrate and diflubenzuron are pesticides with a mild effect that lasts for days or weeks.

  1. What are the effects of pesticides on plants?

Pesticides can pollute soil, water, and also plants. Besides killing insects or weeds, pesticides can be harmful to many other species including birds, fish, beneficial insects, and also non-target plants.

Understanding Pesticides