The alternatives to pesticides to manage the pest are more important because pesticides can affect the environment and public health also. Luckily ,they are not the only means of managing the pests on plants and animals. Subsequently,more effective ways are also there to minimize and even remove the use of harmful pesticides, on the other hand, reduce the use of insect populations through fields, towns, forests, parks, and also schools.
Are there Proven Alternatives to Pesticides Existing?
However, the use of chemical pesticides continues as a tool for pest control. Firstly,conventional is one end of the pest management and chemical is the most harmful and also least acceptable approach. On the other end, there is a set of proven alternatives to pesticides that further bring health and environmental protection first, in addition highlight a pest management method that considers the entire pest-affected environment.
Alternative Methods for Pesticides
In other words, the conventional method sees pests as attackers that in turn need to be destroyed, usually with poisonous, chemical pesticides. In terms of human, environmental or often even economical, the main goal is to get rid of the pest. Pests are controlled as if they are separated from the outside environment. Moreover, there is no indication of the target pest, conventional practitioners apply pesticides, just because it is the time of year when pests might be present.
Best Alternatives to Pesticides
There might be proven alternatives to pesticides. The method recognizes pest problems within a wide background that calculates several things, including the existence of natural enemies, whether the pest population has increased or decreased, the time of year, and also weather conditions, all of which would affect whether the pest will grow or simply die away. The method also calls for analyzing if pests actually cause or are likely to cause harm to health or crops and whether the severity of the harm demands action if it does.
When you plan to grow a garden, consider using alternative methods to control pests, instead of chemical pesticides.
Here are a few Alternatives to Pesticides:
Time – consuming, but the best alternative to pesticide since the results are outstanding. To reduce visible insects and plant pests, always wear gloves.
Barriers and Traps
Barriers and traps are mechanical control types that can be used to catch or avoid pests.
To avoid producing larvae from hiding away in the soil around your plants, use collars of firm paper, or heavy plastic. Just cut a piece of foot square and fit it closely around the stem of your plant press deep into the soil. Make use of a paper clip to hold it tight. It stops cutworms and other insects from entering the soil around your plants.
Fine netting can be done using a cloth of cheese, put over the bed, can protect saplings from chewing insects, prevent cats, birds and also flying insects from laying eggs.
Coffee can Trap
It is also one of the successful alternatives to pesticides and this method tries to capture non-flying insects are to bury a tin into the bed of your garden so that the edge of the tin is flush with the surface of the soil. Some insects will fall into it and cannot get out of it. The can should be frequently emptied. The trap also attracts beneficial insects and is also an excellent way to track the population of insects in your garden.
You can use a board or a thick sheet of paper with yellow paint and also coated with a sticky material, such as a tanglefoot, will attract and catches aphids and other small insects too.
Many insects like to feed on one type of plant or another. For instance, maggots like radishes rather than corn and tomato worms prefer to feed on tomatoes. Therefore, few plants can also be put purposefully to keep away harmful insects from the plants you want to protect. These are generally referred to as ‘trap plants’. After the trap plant has been diseased, the plant could be discarded or the target insect can be removed by dropping into soapy water.
It is important to remember that not every insect in a garden is a “pest.” A garden and its surroundings consist of full of insects which are actually beneficial for the garden as they feed on harmful insects. Consequently, it is useful to know how to decide whether garden insects are harmful or beneficial. Many books on gardening explain more common beneficial and harmful insects and inform people about beneficial insects like ladybugs, bees, green lacewings, praying mantises, dragonflies, predacious mites ,thrips, wasps and also spiders. Even some companies such as seed catalogs will sell beneficial insects based upon your order.
Some plants are able to fight against other forms of insects naturally. Companion planting is a method where insect-repelling plants are purposefully located beside the crops that benefit from their natural properties. For example, garlic planting in vegetable products helps to destroy Japanese beetles, aphids, weevils, and also spider mites; basil planted close to tomatoes keeps away the tomato hornworms, and marigolds planted along with the cucurbits drive away from the cucumber beetles.
Planting different types of vegetables every year in each part of your garden can help to reduce the outbreaks of the pests. In the winter, some insects lay their eggs a few inches under the soil. The eggs hatch in spring and start looking for their food source immediately. Many of the insects feed on one type of vegetable form. When the plant they want to eat is found a few feet away, the insect will move towards the source. Some would die or fall victim to birds and other insects along the way. In addition, certain plant families (For example, potatoes and peppers) draw the same pests. Therefore, many plants primarily eat a specific nutrient from the soil. Through changing the crops every year, the soil in a specific area of the garden will rest and renew.
It is a common practice among gardeners to grow a single crop in a straight line. This alternative method to pesticide supports the pest infection because it makes it easy to move from one host plant to another for an insect or a disease. By mixing different plant types and not planting in straight lines, an insect must look for a new host plant, which leads it to predators. This method also relates well with the companion planting.
The control uses disease cells, parasites, or predators that naturally occur to manage pests. This is especially useful when unusual animals are a major concern as their natural predators can be removed and used for killing the pest. Biological controls not only control but also kill the pests.
It controls by reducing the population through sterilizing other members of the insect population. In many situations, the sterile male method is used to sterilize males only by radiation or chemicals, since males often mate, whereas females only mate once in many insect species. This must be done constantly or else the species will recover quickly.
These are natural animal-produced materials that activate reaction in other members of the species, moreover, are used to attract pests. Pheromones can be produced when a species learns the particular pheromone structure and used to attract pests into traps, or simply to confuse pests by spraying into the air so that a mate cannot be found. Hormones are insect-produced chemicals, therfore, they control their own production. They can be made synthetic and when they are present in an insect’s growth at the wrong time;consequently, they can lead to irregular growth or death.
Consider the following if you decide to use pesticides:
Low Toxicity Pesticides
Biodegradable and formulated pest-control products are commercially available. Although these products are pesticides, they have low toxicity to people and other life forms. But they do not last long in the environment. You can get more information on these and other pesticide products.
Traps, Barriers, and Other Physical Controls could be the Best Alternatives to Pesticides.
How to Choose a Low Toxic Pesticide
Packaging and Formulation
Select products that are available in kid friendly packaging. Ant baits are also a good example since the poison is closed tightly. Make sure that the products don’t look like food or drinks. Reduce your exposure to pesticides by avoiding the products in oil, concentrate and aerosol type. They last for long in the surfaces and air and can be quickly absorbed through the skin or lungs.
Several different active ingredients are available to pesticides (poison component). So, read the label and see the active ingredients specified before you get a product! In order to know its toxicity, most importantly, you can check the pesticide’s active ingredients on the internet.
Less Toxic Pesticides:
|S.No||Target Pest||Product Type||Active Ingredient(s)|
|1||Aphids, scales, mites, leafhoppers, hemlock woolly adelgid, mealybugs, and powdery mildew||Horticultural oil (dormant oil for the winter season, summer oils for the growing season)||Highly refined paraffinic oil or petroleum oil|
|2||Aphids, ants, scales, mites, mealybugs, small caterpillars, and other soft-bodied insects, weeds||Insecticidal soap||Potassium salts of fatty acids|
|3||Aphids, whiteflies, mites, an extract of black spot, powdery mildew, rust, anthracnose, grubs and more||Neem Oil||Clarified hydrophobic neem oil|
|4||Ants||1.Arsenic ant baits|
2.Sulfluramid ant baits
|5||Ants & Cockroaches||1.Abamectin ant & roach baits|
3.Fipronil ant and roach baits
2.Sodium tetrahydrate decahydrate
|6||Ants, Cockroaches & Fleas||1.Citrus oil spray|
2.Diatomaceous earth, Desiccating dust, Insecticidal dust
|7||Ants, cockroaches, fleas, silverfish, termites||Boric acid/ borate products||Orthoboric acid|
|8||Fleas & ticks (on pets)||1.Fipronil topical or spray|
2.Insect growth regulator topical
|9||Fleas (indoors)||1.Insect growth regulator carpet spray|
2.Boric acid-based carpet treatments
|10||Mosquitos, aphids, ants, leafhoppers, thrips, whiteflies||Garlic (Concentrated garlic ‘clips’ to attach to plants OR Garlic oil sprays)||Garlic|
|11||Mosquitos (kills larvae in standing water for use in ponds, large puddles)||Bt mosquito dunks (Small, doughnut-shaped, floating disks)||Bacillus thuringiensis|
|12||Snails & slugs||1.Snail & slug bait|
2.Snail & slug barrier
2.Coconut oil soap
|13||Weeds||1.Herbicidal (insecticidal) soap|
2.Corn gluten meal
Pelargonic acid herbicide
|1.Potassium salts of fatty acids|
20% Vinegar, put in a spray bottle
|14||White grubs||Imidacloprid |
Also, see Neem above
|15||Yellow jackets and other flying insects||Mint oil||Mint oil, sodium lauryl sulfate|
- Is there an alternative to pesticides to chemical farming?
Natural pesticides have also long been used in organic agriculture, but their use is now also increasing in traditional agriculture. Above all, we have been committed for several years to promote the production and use of low-risk bio-pesticides as an alternative to pesticides.
- What do organic farmers use instead of pesticides?
Alcohols, copper sulfate, and also hydrogen peroxide are included. Approximately 900 synthetic pesticides are accepted for use in traditional agriculture. Also a significant variety of natural substances used in organic agriculture as pesticides. Neem oil, diatomaceous earth, and pepper are also parts of the alternatives to pesticides.
- How can pesticides be regulated?
The U.S. Federal Pesticide Regulation controls pesticides at the national level through the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). Congress permits the EPA by various federal regulations, among them the Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticides Act (FIFRA).
- How are pesticides labeled?
When using pesticides, most importantly, it is always necessary to read pesticide labels. Since, pesticide labels provide specific details on proper and lawful usage of the product. Labels also provide information about the possible dangers associated with the product and recommendations regarding poisoning or leaking.
- What information do the directions for use label on pesticides contain?
The instructions on the use of a pesticide label explain how the product should be used legally and also how the product should not be used. To sum up , the information available includes: the pest(s) that the product could be used to manage.