Types of regular pests include Ants, Bees and Wasps, Bed Bugs, Cockroaches, Fleas, Flies, Myriapods, Woodlice, Snails, rats, pigeons and Non Target Species.Scientists have identified over a million different insect species. Every year, almost 2,000 new insect species are found. Regular pests are those that appear repeatedly on a crop and are closely associated with it. Brinjal shoots and fruit borer are the examples.
Other Types of Pests Include
- Occasional pests: pests that occur occasionally and are not closely associated with a specific crop (e.g. Snake gourd semilooper).
- Seasonal pests: pests that only appear during certain times of the year. Eg : Caterpillar.
- Persistent pests: pests that appear on a crop virtually all year. Eg: thrips on chillies.
- Sporadic pests: pests that only appear in a few isolated locations. Eg: the coconut slug caterpillar.
- Epidemic pests: pests that appear in a severe form in a region or locale during a specific season.
- Endemic pests: pests that occur on a regular basis and are restricted to a specific area or location.
Causes for Outbreak of Regular Pests Shift to cultivated crops by destroying forests or bringing wooded areas under agriculture. Regular pests like hairy caterpillars, for example, attack agriculture plants near wooded regions.Pesticides used irresponsibly result in the elimination of natural enemies, pest resistance, and pest recurrence.
The outbreak of one more regular pests are leaf folders and they grow more in number when there is intensive cultivation (e.g. Diamond backmoth on cauliflower in plains) and extensive farming (e.g. monoculture of rice).Fruit fly frequency increases with the introduction of new crops (e.g., gurkin) and improved strains (e.g., many high-yielding types are subject to insects).
Improved agrculturei practices (e.g., increased nitrogen, closer spacing, weed control, and so forth). Crop growth was boosted, and insect competition for food was reduced, a new pest is introduced into a new location (for example, the apple woolly aphid).Foreign pests (e.g., potato tuber moth, cyst nematode, and spiraling white fly on guava) accidentally introduced.Large-scale storage of food grains can result in bug outbreaks, rodent infestations, and other issues.
A pet management strategy is a comprehensive approach for removing a pest problem. The specific technique devised is determined by the pest’s and crop’s unique life systems.
When regular pests populations are below the economic limit, the best course of action is to do nothing. Pest management might otherwise result in a total loss.When pest populations approach the economic limit, reducing the number of regular pests frequently acts as a preventive strategy or as a therapeutic measure.
Reduce the resistance of the crop to pest damage is the most efficient and environmentally friendly method available. HPR (hose plant resistance) and ecological management are the strategies available.
Reduced population numbers and crop exposure is the best strategy and the goals of all of the above measures to create a pest management plan with many tactics. A fundamental aspect in establishing insect pest management programs is the utilization of different methods and approaches.